However, an individual with a BAC between .05 and .08 may be convicted of DUI if additional evidence determines that the driver was impaired. In 1997, the Illinois General Assembly passed legislation to lower the illegal BAC limit from .10 to .08. Illinois was the 15th state to impose such a change.
The effect of alcohol on an individual is determined primarily by two factors: the amount of alcohol consumed and the rate at which it is absorbed by the body. Other contributing factors include gender, body weight, alcohol tolerance, mood, environment and the amount of food consumed.
From the first drink, alcohol affects coordination and judgment. Even with a BAC well below.08, a person’s reaction time slows. The risk of being in a crash begins to climb with a BAC between .04 and .05 and increases rapidly thereafter. By the time a driver reaches a BAC of .06, he/she is twice as likely to be involved in a fatal crash as a non-drinking driver. By the time a driver reaches a BAC of .08, he/she is 11 times more likely to be killed in a single-vehicle crash than a non-drinking driver.
The only way to rid the body of alcohol is time. Fresh air, coffee, a shower and food cannot help a person become sober. It takes about one hour for the body to metabolize one drink. Each of the following has a comparable amount of alcohol and counts as one drink: one 12-ounce mug of beer, one 5-ounce glass of wine or one 1.5-ounce shot of hard liquor. (The amount of alcohol in a poured/mixed drink is dependent on the type of drink and the person who pours it.)
Driving Under the Influence (DUI) BAC Levels of Drivers Who Failed a Chemical Test The average DUI offender is:
• male (78 percent arrested are men);
• age 34 (60 percent are under age 35);
• arrested between 11 p.m. and 4 a.m. on a weekend; and
• caught driving with a BAC of .16 twice the illegal limit.
Illinois DUI Facts
- 309 people were killed in alcohol-related crashes, which was 36 percent of the 854 total crash fatalities.
- More than 45,900 DUI arrests were recorded by the Secretary of State’s office.
- 92 percent of all drivers arrested for DUI, who were eligible, lost their drivingprivileges.
- 1,917 drivers under age 21 lost their driving privileges due to Zero Tolerance law violations.
- 22 percent of those arrested for DUI are women, who represent 50 percent of all licensed drivers.
- Males ages 21-24 had the highest DUI arrest rate (about 21 per 1,000 licensed drivers). This rate was four times greater than that of all other drivers arrested for DUI (5 per 1,000 licensed drivers).
- 84 percent of all drivers arrested for DUI are first offenders.
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Ditulis oleh: Zahiruddin KH -